Indian South Africans preserve their cultural heritage, languages and religious beliefs, being either Christian, Hindu or Muslim and speaking English, with Indian languages like Hindi, Telugu, Tamil or Gujarati being spoken less frequently as second languages.
The culture of South Africa is known for its ethnic and cultural diversity.
The South African majority still has a substantial number of rural inhabitants who lead largely impoverished lives.
It is among these people, however, that cultural traditions survive most strongly; as South Africans have become increasingly urbanized and Westernised, aspects of traditional culture have declined.
Urban South Africans usually speak English or Afrikaans in addition to their native language.
There are smaller but still significant groups of speakers of Khoisan languages, not included in the eleven official languages, but are one of the eight other officially recognised languages.
There are small groups of speakers of endangered languages, most of which are from the Khoisan family, that receive no official status; however, some groups within South Africa are attempting to promote their use and revival.
Members of middle class, who are predominantly white but whose ranks include growing numbers of people of colour, have lifestyles similar in many respects to that of people found in Western Europe, North America and Australia.
Members of the middle class often study and work abroad for greater exposure to the markets of the world.
The oldest art objects in the world were discovered in a South African cave.
Dating from 75,000 years ago, these small drilled snail shells could have no other function than to have been strung on a string as a necklace.
South Africa was one of the cradles of the human species.